We all have a fear of the unknown when getting dental treatments but this fear is uncalled for, if we know what exactly will happen during your treatment.
What is it?
Since our mouth is exposed to external environment, it is infested with bacteria. These bacteria thrive in the mouth if provided the right conditions. Every time we eat something, we provide food for them. After they eat they produce a very strong acid that eats away at our teeth. If we don’t remove this sticky layer of bacteria (commonly known as plaque) by brushing and flossing, the bacteria will keep destroying a tiny amount of our tooth structure every day until we get a hole in our teeth. These holes are known as tooth decay, cavities or caries.
What is it used for?
Hundreds of years ago cavities eventually caused people so much pain that they would have the tooth removed. Amazingly modern dentistry has found ways to let us keep our decayed tooth. All that needs to be done is to have the decay/caries professionally removed and then to replace the hole in the tooth with a hard, biocompatible material known as dental filling.
The first step when getting a filling is to make sure that the patient is comfortable throughout the procedure. Dentists usually do this by using an anesthetic. A local anesthetic temporarily interrupts communication between the tooth and the brain.
Firstly the dentist puts a numbing gel (topical anesthetic) over the area. After this the patient is given the local anesthetic.
Once your mouth is numb, your dentist may use a couple of different materials to help make the filling procedure easier and more efficient.
How it is done?
Now that the patient is ready for the procedure, the dentist will begin to remove the tooth decay. There are a number of tools that are used to clean out the decayed portion of the tooth.
While the dentist is using the high-speed handpiece, the dental assistant will be holding the high-volume suction in your mouth. The high-volume suction quickly removes the water from the high-speed handpiece and any debris from your tooth.
Finally, the dentist may choose to finish removing decay with some hand instruments. These are simply small, metal tools that the dentist can use to refine the area where the filling will be placed or to remove any remaining tooth decay.
Now that the damaged portion of your tooth is gone, the dentist will replace the missing tooth structure with a filling.
Next, the dentist will fill the tooth and make it look like a real tooth again so that you can use it to chew food and speak.
After your dentist finishes filling the tooth he or she will have you bite on carbon paper to make sure the filling isn’t too high. If it is, then your dentist will lower the filling with a high-speed handpiece.
Finally, if there are any rough spots on the filling, the dentist can use some mild abrasives to smooth the filling and to make it feel smooth to your tongue.
There are a wide variety of materials that can be used but the most commonly used filling material is composite resin which is a tooth colored material.